Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to passage of bright red blood from the anus, often mixed with stool and/or blood
clots. Most rectal bleeding comes from the colon, rectum, or anus.
The color of the blood during rectal bleeding often
depends on the location of the bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Generally, the closer the bleeding site is to the
anus, the blood will be a brighter red.
Have discovered traces of blood in your stool?

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Blood in Stool
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Blood in stool can appear for a various or combination of reasons. Sometimes blood in stool is a sign of a serious problem
in digestive system. Sometimes it is not serious and requires no treatment.

Reason Number One. Anal Fissure or small tear or cut in the skin lining the anus which can cause pain and/or bleeding. An
acute fissure is managed with non-operative treatments and over 90% will heal without surgery. Bowel habits are improved
with a high fiber diet, bulking agents (fiber supplements), stool softeners, and plenty of fluids to avoid constipation and
promote the passage of soft stools. Warm baths for 10-20 minutes several times each day are soothing and promote
relaxation of the anal muscles. Occasionally, special medicated creams may be recommended.

Reason Number Two. Colon Polyps or extra tissue that grows inside your body. Colon polyps grow in the large intestine.
The large intestine, also called the colon, is part of your digestive system. It's a long, hollow tube at the end of your
digestive tract where your body makes and stores stool. Most polyps are not dangerous. Most are benign, which means
they are not cancer. But over time, some types of polyps can turn into cancer. Usually, polyps that are smaller than a pea
aren't harmful. But larger polyps could someday become cancer or may already be cancer. To be safe, doctors remove all
polyps and test them.

Reason Number Three. Hemorrhoids or the veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed. Medical
treatment of hemorrhoids is aimed initially at relieving symptoms. Measures to reduce symptoms include
        tub baths several times a day in plain, warm water for about 10 minutes
        application of a hemorroidal cream or suppository to the affected area for a limited time

Reason Number Four. Crohn's Disease or your immune system reacts to a virus or a bacterium by causing ongoing
inflammation in the intestine. Treatment for Crohn's disease depends on the location and severity of disease,
complications, and response to previous treatment. The goals of treatment are to control inflammation, correct nutritional
deficiencies, and relieve symptoms like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Treatment may include drugs,
nutrition supplements, surgery, or a combination of these options. At this time, treatment can help control the disease,
but there is no cure.

Reason Number Five. Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis) or small pouches in their colons that bulge outward through weak
spots, like an inner tube that pokes through weak places in a tire. A high-fiber diet and, occasionally, mild pain
medications will help relieve symptoms in most cases. Sometimes an attack of diverticulitis is serious enough to require a
hospital stay and possibly surgery.

Reason Number Six. Peptic Ulcer Disease or a sore in the lining of your stomach or duodenum.* The duodenum is the first
part of your small intestine. If peptic ulcers are found in the stomach, they're called gastric ulcers. If they're found in the
duodenum, they're called duodenal ulcers. You can have more than one ulcer. Peptic ulcers can be cured. Medicines for
peptic ulcers are
        proton pump inhibitors or histamine receptor blockers to stop your stomach from making acids
        antibiotics to kill the bacteria
Depending on your symptoms, you may take one or more of these medicines for a few weeks. They'll stop the pain and
help heal your stomach or duodenum.

Reason Number Seven. Stomach Cancer

Reason Number Eight. Colon Cancer
The last two reasons are rare comparing to first six, however if you have noticed even small presence of blood in your
stool on a consistent base we would strongly advise you taking a comprehensive medical exam. Especially if you are 45 or

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